The word Karatedo has three-parts: “kara,” means empty; “te,” means hand; and “do,” means way (empty hand way). The suffix “do” signifies a mental and physical discipline; Karatedo is a physical exercise designed to achieve a mental state. Karatedo is composed of blocking, striking, kicking, sweeping, joint locking, takedowns, footwork and weapons techniques which results in not only the physical ability to defend oneself, but also the development of the mind and spirit.
Ju-Jutsu means the “science and skill of softness.” It is a general term for a wide range of hand-to-hand combat arts that emphasizes entering, trapping, joint locking, grappling, throwing, choking, immobilizing, pressure points and vital point striking methods. The fighting style was designed centuries ago for disarmed warriors to defend themselves against single or multiple attackers.
The only real defense against a hostile world is a balanced body, mind, and spirit. A strong mind in a strong body, with a spirit of justice will do the most good for you and society.
Techniques and Training Methods of Shuri-Ryu
In addition to the blocks, punches, kicks and footwork of karate, Shuri-ryu also incorporates joint locks, take-downs, throws, and weapons (kobudo).
Shuri-ryu also has several short self-defense forms and combinations. These include: 26-Ippons (ippon kumite kata), which are performed to develop power and mental focus; 10-Taezus (taezu naru waza) which are performed to develop speed and fluidity; 30-Kihons (kihon kumite kata) which are performed to develop form and fighting technique; and 8-Sente exercises.
Additional training exercises including form sparring (kata kumite), focus stance sparring (kime dachi kumite), free exercise (jiju undo), and free sparring (jiju kumite).
Kata of Shuri-Ryu
Shuri-ryu has three form exercises Taikyoku Ichi, Ni, and San, to prepare the student to learn kata.
Wansu, Anaku, Naihanchi Sho, Sanchin, Tsue Sho No Kon (bo kata), Empi Sho, Bassai Dai, Go Pei Sho, Dan Enn Sho, Naihanchi Ni, Kanku Sho, Nan Dan Sho, Naihanchi San, Tekatana (sai kata), Ten Sho, Shudo So, and five each Hakutsuru (White Crane forms).
The 9-Moving Forces within Shuri-Ryu Karate Kihon
1. Striking vital or paralyzing points (atemi-waza & kyusho-Jutsu)
2. Applied pressure (appaku) applying pressure to the kyusho points
3. Joint bending, locking, twisting and stretching (kansetsu-waza)
4. Throwing, sweeping and takedowns (nage-waza, ashi-barai & otoshi-waza)
5. Choking & strangulation methods (shime-waza)
6. Controlling, holding, pinning, and grappling (katame-waza, osae-komi-waza, ne-waza)
7. Counters to all the above (kaeshi-waza)
8. Breathe control & power (kokyu chikara) developing internal force/energy (ki/qi)
9. Absorbing and controlling pain
Origins and Development of Shuri-Ryu
Shuri-ryu karate is an eclectic martial arts system, developed by the martial arts pioneer Robert Trias, the first westerner to teach karate in the United States in Phoenix, Arizona 1945. He opened the first karate school in the nation in 1946 and formed the first karate organization in 1948, the United States Karate Association. Other styles of karate related to the Trias-line are Shorei-Goju-Ryu and Shorei-Ryu. The style of Shuri-ryu is taught and is especially prevalent in the United States, parts of Europe, and South America.
The roots of Shuri-Ryu are from Okinawa and China, especially in the Shuri-Te karate of Ankoh Itosu and Choki Motobu and the Hsing Yi Chuan of Tung Gee Hsing. Robert Trias, the style’s founder, trained with Tung Gee Hsing, who had cross-trained with Choki Motobu earlier in the Okinawan village of Kume Mura. Tung Gee Hsing taught Trias Hsing Yi and Shuri Karate Kempo. Later Trias studied with Hoy Yuan Ping, Gogen Yamaguchi, Roy Oshiro and several other teachers.
Robert Trias was also mentored by Yasuhiro Konishi and Makoto Gima. In 1964 Konishi awarded Trias with 9th Dan. Konishi was a prominent student of both Choki Motobu and Gichin Funakoshi. Gima was a prominent student of Funakoshi and awarded Trias the 10th Dan in 1983. Both, Konishi and Gima helped Trias reconstruct the old Shuri-Te system of karate with some modifications, hence a new name for the system was designated Shuri-Ryu. Shuri-Ryu also incorporated some Naha katas and methods.
Historically Robert Trias continued to go to Okinawa, Japan and China for over 30 years, making trips to visit dojos and converse with the masters of the time. Mr. Trias skill was to see A and B and then make C which was better than A or B. Mr. Trias was not restricted by the style. The principles of Shuri-ryu are from Okinawa and that is what he was loyal to
Hanshi Robert A. Trias
For additional information about Shuri-Ryu Karatedo
Hanshi Robert A. Trias
Origins and Development of Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu/Bujutsu
Our style of Ju-Jutsu (science and skill of softness) is a co/Bujutsumplete martial arts system emphasizing entering, trapping, striking, joint locking, throwing/takedowns, grappling, choking, immobilizing, pressure points, vital-point striking methods, weapons and internal energy development.
Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu is an eclectic martial arts system, with strong influences from the training methods and fundamentals of Shuri-Ryu Karatedo (Ridgely Abele) and Shinto-Yoshin-Kai Ju-Jutsu (Dr.Steven Roensch). Many of the principles, techniques and theories were cultivated from several traditional martial arts systems from Okinawa, Japan, China and Indonesia. Some of these martial systems are Ryu-Te, Shorin-ryu, Goju-Ryu, Aikido, Hakko-Ryu, Judo, Baguazhang, Xingyiquan, Taijiquan, Kuntao and Silat.
Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu is an officially recognized style of Ju-Jutsu by the United States Ju-Jitsu Federation which is the (NGB) National Governing Body for Ju-Jitsu in the United States of America.
The original purpose and goal for the development of Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu was a training method to support and aid the study of the 9-moving forces within Shuri-Ryu Karate kihon (see about). Now Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu has developed and grown beyond its original purpose into a full and complete martial arts system. Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu is now being practiced and taught throughout the United States, parts of Europe, and South America.
16-Performance Categories of Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu/Bujutsu
1. Ukemi (art of falling)
2. Tachi (stances), Ashi-sabaki (foot work), Tai-sabaki (avoiding)
3. Uke-Waza (blocking), Redirecting, Entering, Trapping
4. Atemi-Waza (vital striking techniques), Uchi-no-Kata (forms of striking), Kyusho-Jutsu
5. Hazushi (releases)
6. Kansetsu-Waza (joint bending techniques)
7. Te-Waza and Chin-Na (seizing and controlling techniques)
8. Otoshi-Waza (takedown techniques)
9. Nage-Waza (throwing techniques)
10. Katame-Waza (kansetsu, osae komi & ne-waza) (ground fighting techniques)
11. Shime-Waza (strangulation techniques)
12. Goshin-Jutsu-Kata (forms of self defense)
13. Kata-Kumite (form fighting), Jiyu-Renshu (free style training), Problem Solving
14. Randori (jiyu-kumite & taninju-dori) (free-fighting with one or several opponents)
15. Kaeshi-Waza (transitioning and countering techniques)
16. Qigong (internal energy development), Kokyu Chikara (breath power), Bokken and Jo (weapons training wooden sword & short staff)
Some Characteristics/Principles of Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu/Bujutsu
1. Relax during execution of technique ("active relaxation" or tone--not tension)
2. Avoid head-on forces, blend and redirect ("kawashi")
3. Tactile acuity emphasized over visual acuity
4. Flexible mind and body (the ability to adjust or change at any point during execution of technique)
5. Continuous motion "flow"
6. Relaxed grip: when grabbing or controlling (use active relaxation), if the grip is too tight or rigid there is a reduction in wrist flexibility, sensitivity and control.
7. Move through your center (hold one point), all techniques are hara supported
8. Proper posture through musculo-skeletal alignment to achieve maximum effectiveness
9. Control and/or direct through use of mental and physical projection
10. Expand or contract physical presence and/or space
11. Eight directions of kuzushi: angles of strength: 90 degree; angles of weakness: 45 & 22.5 degree
12. Utilization of 22.5 degree angles when throwing
13. Always using multiple stimuli
14. When applying technique control the opponent’s center and musculo-skeletal alignment
15. Attack the spine (control the opponent by altering the integrity of the spine)
16. Physically and mentally change your opponent’s posture (alter its integrity), you will control the opponent’s balance and center
17. Exhale during execution of technique (kokyu chikara)
18. When throwing move in a wave like pattern (down-up/out-down), down precedes up (use of ground reaction forces),
19. Overcoming force through active relaxation, redirection and tactile acuity (move over, under or around the opponent’s power/force)
20. All techniques preceded by kuzushi
21. Four elements of Goshin-Jutsu-Kata; stop-shock-takedown-control
22. Every technique has a counter
23. Utilization of yin & yang theory and kyusho-jutsu
24. All techniques quantifiable through laws of physics and knowledge of anatomy
Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu Rank Requirements 7th Kyu - 2nd Dan (PDF)
For additional information about Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu/Bujutsu
Contact: Troy J. Price